Series: The fall of the wall

Twenty years ago, a tide of rebellion swept Eastern Europe, culminating in the fall of the Berlin Wall in November. Read's series on the revolutions of 1989 that toppled regimes which called themselves socialist.
  • Socialism, Stalinism and Eastern Europe

    The regimes of Eastern Europe that collapsed 20 years ago after a series of mass rebellions were the opposite of what we mean by socialism.

  • Revolts behind the "iron curtain"

    Long before the fall of the Berlin Wall, there was a history of workers' struggle against the self-described Communist regimes of Eastern Europe.

  • The revolutions of 1989

    The fall of the Berlin Wall 20 years ago was one crest in a wave of revolt that overturned governments across half of Europe at the end of 1989.