Boom and bust in San Francisco
, a veteran trade unionist and San Francisco Labor Council delegate, reports on the fight against evictions and gentrification in San Francisco.
SEVERAL HUNDRED fair housing and "stop evictions" advocates marched all through San Francisco's historic working-class Mission neighborhood for several hours on Saturday, October 4.
Pounding drum beats from youthful musicians sporting "Basta Ya!" T-shirts sounded the alarm that there is an epidemic of evictions and dramatic shortages of affordable housing that has accelerated the exodus of low and middle-income families from this great city.
We have heard the story before, and it is being retold in many other places across the country, but its repetition in this era of conspicuous consumption does not make it any less compelling.
The surge in housing prices is going "through the roof," city supervisor Scott Weiner said only two years ago. The average rent for a studio apartment then was pegged at $2,126, a steep increase of 22 percent since 2008.
Remarkably, that does not even rank San Francisco at the top of the list. That dubious distinction belongs to Hong Kong and Vancouver in Canada, though some would argue New York has bragging rights as well.
But don't be too hasty to count out San Francisco for the top spot. With the greatest concentration of wealth anywhere in the nation, housing prices have gotten worse over the last two years.
For example, even the New York Times reporter seemed aghast when reporting this year that a Glen Park middle-class-neighborhood, fixer-upper with linoleum floors and an Eisenhower-era kitchen sold for $1.425 million--$530,000 over the asking price--and all in less than two weeks.
The reporter barely concealed his shock that "not a single home on the market is within reach of the average school teacher" and only one house was available for those making $80,000 a year. And this with 23 percent of residents living below the poverty line.
CLEARLY, WALL Street investors have targeted housing as a major profit source, with Silicon Valley and other global entrepreneurs ready to pay just about any price, and often with cash at the ready. Here's how it works.
Investors buy an apartment building and evict all tenants under the outdated state Ellis Act, which arguably allows evictions if the owner changes use of the building. This "change of use" is easily accomplished by converting affordable rental units, subject to the city's somewhat stringent "rent control" law, into condominiums where "rent control" does not apply.
Another way to legally evict tenants is to convert multi-unit buildings into single-family mansions. This is not far-fetched at all. Mark Zuckerberg and Larry Ellison are not the only ones to acquire outlandishly plush city digs that combined several properties.
And like our two uber-rich billionaires, many of these high-rollers displacing local resident housing do not even live here.
Two local investigative reporters reviewed city records for 5,212 condos in 23 buildings and found absentee owners control approximately 2,034 of these condos--about 39 percent of the total were, therefore, using the plush units more like casual vacation or convenient stopover lodging. In some buildings, the number of absentee owners was above 60 percent.
But investors don't stop there. They also aggressively fund numerous new development projects of luxury apartments and condos which, of course, further redirects space and funding away from affordable housing for folks who actually live here.
"Let's look at the 37 cranes that currently dot the landscape of the city. Are they building affordable housing? No!" veteran Mission neighborhood leader Roberto Hernandez told me categorically.
"They are building luxury condos while not one dime has been spent on affordable housing in the last 13 years in the Mission where I live," the "Our Mission, No Eviction" activist asserted.
The Mission is a legendary working class neighborhood that mingles Latin culture, immigrants, artists, students and youth. It has always been a gateway for new arrivals. Lots of sun, magnificent public murals, great food, broad diversity and affordable rents are big draws. Now, residents are asking, how long will it last?
EVERYTHING IS getting worse for local residents who hoped this city would be hospitable for their children to make home. The seemingly unlimited excessiveness of the ultra-rich seems to have neither limits nor shame. But the consequences of their lifestyle appear everywhere.
For example, there has been a 36 percent decline of Black residents between the 1990 and 2010 census. The city's vibrant Latino population faces the same dim prospect.
Almost 50 percent of last year's evictions were Black and Latino residents according to the Eviction Defense Collaborative (EDC), a non-profit providing legal aid to renters. This obviously has a devastating impact on the city's diversity, once a celebrated part of this multi-cultural city.
"Our city is changing fast and not for the better. Mayor Lee should declare a housing emergency," Hernandez proposed.
Evictions are truly a huge problem. "No fault" Ellis Act evictions numbered over 4,000 in 2013 and are on the rise. According to the Anti-Eviction Mapping Project, evictions rose 42 percent in 2011 and 57 percent in 2012.
It's also worth noting comments by the Mapping Project that "when a landlord alleges breach of the lease or nuisance, it does not necessarily mean a tenant did something wrong."
The EDC provides further evidence that landlords use ridiculous or unfounded pretexts to evict residents. In other words, more and more pretexts for evicting more and more locals to make more and more room for those with more and more money.
Examples cited by the EDC in 2013 include tenants "sued for parking outside the parking lines and cooking late at night." Along these same lines, the most common reason cited for breach of lease and/or nuisance was related to a dog or pet with the number of these cases four times greater than in 2009.
Of course, landlords hoped tenants would not show up in court, which often occurs because the record also shows that displacement of long-term renters falls disproportionately on seniors, disabled and the poor.
Housing displacement certainly qualifies as the epidemic of our day, activists insist, referring back to the horrific AIDS epidemic of the 1980s. At that time, the city declared an emergency that won universal praise for coming to grips with the disease and establishing internationally recognized health standards.
By declaring an emergency now, the city would have the power to halt all evictions until housing imbalances can be addressed.
Dramatic changes in the economic and social landscape of the city have not gone unnoticed by some city officials, especially when confronted with continuing community pressure.
For example, City Attorney Dennis Herrera recently announced charges filed against "two egregious offenders" that "didn't just flout state and local law to conduct their illegal businesses, they evicted disabled tenants in order to do so." He added, "We intend to crack down hard on unlawful conduct that's exacerbating--and in many cases profiting from--San Francisco's alarming lack of affordable housing."
So far, however, there has been no policy changes. As a result, as noted by respected community newspaper, El Tecolote, an activist coalition of 50 organizations that marched through the streets on October 4 seeks to encourage the mayor and other city officials to come to the aid of working class San Franciscans before it's too late.