What we should be evaluating
, a former teacher at a New York City charter school, asks why evaluations don't consider some of the most important factors in the education process.
DURING THE final presidential debate, Bob Schieffer spurred a collective American chuckle when he cut off Mitt Romney's long-winded brown-nosing with the knee-slapper: "I think we all love teachers."
I'd love to believe Mr. Schieffer, but as someone who hails from a family of public school teachers and spent last year teaching third grade in a New York City charter school, I have to say, "Bob, you're adorable. But America's teachers haven't felt loved in quite some time."
Last spring, my principal corralled our school's third-grade teaching team around a kidney-bean shaped table and apologetically explained that we needed to sign forms acknowledging the weight of our students' test scores on our end-of-year evaluations. Ultimately, our students' math and English Language Arts (ELA) scores would comprise as much as 40 percent of our annual rating.
Now, I don't know a single educator who outright opposes the idea of fair evaluations and/or some level of teacher accountability. But as I sat quietly in that little red plastic chair, a voice in me cried:
"You want to evaluate me? Great. No problem. But let's also evaluate the misaligned (or nonexistent) curriculum I was given to plan for my classes. Let's evaluate the number of chairs huddled around single desks, because there are more students in the room than there were last year, and the copy machine, the one that never works.
"Let's evaluate the number of students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) that aren't being adequately serviced, and the number of English Language Learner (ELL) students sitting voiceless in the back of the room, because they have yet to be admitted into nonexistent ELL classes.
"Let's evaluate the employers who are smugly underpaying/underemploying my students' parents or guardians, forcing them to work multiple jobs, likely without ever securing benefits for themselves or for their families. Or the number of students who have lost parents or loved ones due to gang violence, substance abuse or the labyrinth that is our failing criminal justice system. Or the number of my students who didn't eat dinner last night.
"Let's evaluate how many hours of sleep I got last night, because I was not afforded adequate prep time during my 10- or 11-hour day in the building, or how many times I've skipped out on doctor's appointments and family events to be here for my students. And, finally, let's evaluate my motivations for being here--because it sure as hell isn't for the money."
IN MID-October, Deborah Kenny wrote an op-ed piece decrying the heavy influence of test scores on teacher evaluations. Kenny rightfully claimed that the practice "undermines principals and is demeaning to teachers" and leaves little room for innovative teaching and learning. She went on to say that test-based evaluations inhibit the "culture of trust" between principals and teachers and "discourage the smartest, most talented people from entering the profession."
While I agree that test-based evaluations are inherently flawed (when was the last time our politicians, Democrats or Republicans, truly analyzed a Pearson test?), I am baffled by Kenny's ultimate argument. It seems that Kenny bashes test-based evaluations because--wait for it--they make it harder for her to fire teachers she doesn't like, specifically a teacher whose students performed "exceptionally well" on the state exam.
Teachers aren't statistics, but they also aren't part of some school-wide homecoming court. Administrators shouldn't cast votes for the teachers they like or dislike. They should work to support all teachers who act in the best interest of students.
Ms. Kenny also takes a not-so-subtle jab at teachers' unions, attacking those evil tenured teachers who are exploiting their glamorous roles as K-12 educators. However, unions don't grant tenure; principals grant tenure. And moreover, Ms. Kenny, like nearly all charter school administrators in America, likely prohibits her teachers from joining their local union.
As someone who has worked in a nonunion school, I can tell Ms. Kenny what violates trust between teachers and administrators: Knowing that you can be fired for your personality. Knowing that there is a fresh crop of well-intentioned, starry-eyed Teach for America kids who can take your place in the time it takes to make a phone call. Knowing that you will be scorned for using your allotted sick days and guilted into working through lunch, during prep time, and hours after the final school bell rings.
I encourage our presidential candidates (and all Americans) to listen to the voices of practicing teachers, who are so often talked about and during national education debates. Says Kelly G., a third-grade teacher in Brooklyn:
These teacher evaluations are complex. I honestly used to think that a teacher could indeed be evaluated and held accountable using test scores. And then I started teaching at school that didn't allow me to do the kind of teaching I thought needed to be done in order to develop intelligent children. There's nothing quite like having your teaching micromanaged and then being told it was your fault the kids didn't achieve exemplary scores on the state exam.
My kids are capable of so much already. Come in and look at their writing. Listen to their discussions. Watch them solve math problems. Their tests scores will not reflect their growth from the school year. A one-shot assessment does not give a good picture of student achievement.
Have you read those exams? Have you been in the room during testing? Test-anxiety vomiting is a real thing in the third grade. Too bad they don't evaluate me on sick child comforting and vomit cleanup. I'm sure my scores on those evaluations would be proficient.
IN POPULAR media, teachers are cast as heroes or villains. They are either lazy, money-grubbing, ne'er-do-wells or Jaime Escalante, the "teacher savior" of the acclaimed film Stand and Deliver.
The truth, as in most professions, is that the majority of teachers lie somewhere in the middle of this spectrum. Such romanticized notions of teaching make great stories, but that's just it: they are stories that too often exaggerate and obscure the truth. Jaime Escalante spent years preparing his students for the AP Calculus exam, not a few inspired semesters. Does that mean that he was an inadequate teacher during the years he spent honing his craft and teaching foundational math concepts to his students? How would Escalante have been rated under the New York City evaluation system?
In his research paper entitled "Effects of Inequality and Poverty vs. Teachers and Schooling on America's Youth," David Berliner, Regents' Professor Emeritus in the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College of Arizona State University, finds:
Outside-of-school factors are three times more powerful in affecting student achievement than are the inside-the-school factors...[Consequently,] the best way to improve America's schools is through jobs that provide families living wages. Other programs offer some help for students from poor families. But in the end, it is inequality in income and the poverty that accompanies such inequality that matters most for education.
America's education system is in crisis; of this, we can be sure. But let's stop blaming the dentists for their patients' cavities.
First published at PolicyMic.