The torture of Mumia Abu-Jamal
, a co-founder of Journalists for Mumia, reports on the inhumane conditions that former death row inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal is being subjected to.
ON DECEMBER 7, following the U.S. Supreme Court's refusal to consider the Philadelphia district attorney's final avenue of appeal, current DA Seth Williams announced that he would no longer be seeking a death sentence for the world-renowned death row journalist Mumia Abu-Jamal--on death row following his conviction at a 1982 trial deemed unfair by Amnesty International, the European parliament, the Japanese diet, Nelson Mandela and many others.
Abu-Jamal's sentence of execution was first "overturned" by a federal court in December 2001, and during the next 10 years, he was never transferred from death row at the level five Supermax prison, SCI Greene, in rural western Pennsylvania.
Shortly after the DA's announcement in early December, Mumia Abu-Jamal, now 57 years old, was transferred to SCI Mahanoy in Frackville, Pa., 100 miles from Philadelphia. Once there, it was expected that he would be released from solitary confinement and transferred into general population where he would finally have contact visits and generally less onerous conditions.
However, he was immediately placed in "administrative custody," in SCI Mahanoy's "Restrictive Housing Unit" where his conditions of isolation and repression are now, in many ways, more extreme than they were on death row.
Presently at SCI Mahanoy, Mumia Abu-Jamal is shackled around his ankles and wrists whenever he is outside his cell, even to the shower and during already restricted visits--where he is already behind Plexiglas. Before going to the yard, he is subject to strip searches before and after the visit. He is only allowed bits of paper to write notes on, with a rubber flex pen, and four books (no shelves); no access to news reports; letters delayed; glaring lights on 24 hours a day; only one brief phone call to his wife and one to an attorney; no access to adequate food or commissary; and more.
In the first week of January, at Abu-Jamal's request, supporters began a campaign directed at the Pennsylvania Secretary of Corrections, SCI Mahanoy, and DA Seth Williams, demanding that Abu-Jamal be immediately transferred to the general population. The National Lawyers Guild (for whom Abu-Jamal serves as the vice president) has released a statement and created an online petition demanding his transfer to general population.
Furthermore, Abu-Jamal has asked for supporters to not just call for his release from the hole, but to challenge the very practice of solitary confinement and what are called in Pennsylvania "Restricted Housing Units."
Supporting Abu-Jamal's call to action, the Human Rights Coalition, a Pennsylvania-based prison activist organization, explains that "Mumia may be in solitary, but he is not alone. The PA Department of Corrections holds approximately 2,500 people in solitary confinement on any given day, many of them for years at a time."
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IN 2001, U.S. District Court Judge William Yohn first "overturned" Mumia Abu-Jamal's death sentence, ruling that for a death sentence to be reinstated, the Philadelphia district attorney must first hold a sentencing-phase jury trial, where the jury could only decide between execution or life without parole. The DA immediately appealed this ruling, in an effort to execute Abu-Jamal without bringing him to court before a jury in Philadelphia.
Following Yohn's 2001 ruling, Abu-Jamal could have been transferred from solitary confinement on death row at SCI Greene and into general population. If transferred, he would have had more freedom, including contact visits with family and friends.
However, Judge Yohn granted the motion by the DA to keep Abu-Jamal in punitive conditions on death row while the DA appealed Yohn's ruling. As a result, Abu-Jamal stayed on death row during an appeals process that lasted almost 10 years, a process that has now upheld the sentence's removal.
In March 2008, the U.S. Third Circuit Court affirmed Yohn's 2001 ruling, but in January 2010, the U.S. Supreme Court vacated the 2008 ruling and remanded it back to the Third Circuit. In April 2011, the Third Circuit affirmed the 2001 ruling for the second time. Finally, in October 2011, the DA's final attempt to challenge the decision was rejected by the U.S. Supreme Court, and in December, the DA officially accepted the life sentence.
While Abu-Jamal and his international network of supporters celebrated the final overturning of the death sentence, it was a bittersweet victory for a movement that has long fought for his release. In 2008, when the Third Circuit first affirmed Yohn's 2001 ruling, the court also ruled against a new guilt-phase trial, effectively ending that avenue of appeal for Abu-Jamal to be released from prison.
At this point, a new trial will likely require the bringing forth of new evidence. The investigation of police and prosecutorial misconduct, including the suppression of crucial evidence and the intimidation of witnesses could also lead to a new trial. These are the avenues that will be pursued to obtain Mumia's freedom.
Among the new evidence that has come out in recent years, Philadelphia journalists Linn Washington Jr. and Dave Lindorff recently performed a ballistics test (watch it on video) that fundamentally challenges the DA's shooting scenario/theory used to convict Abu-Jamal.
In Philadelphia on December 9, the 30th anniversary of Abu-Jamal's arrest, supporters organized a large event at the National Constitution Center that was attended by over 1,000 people. Declaring that a sentence of life without parole is unacceptable, speakers ranging from author/activist Cornel West to Ramona Africa of MOVE and the International Concerned Family and Friends of Mumia Abu-Jamal, pledged to continue fighting for Abu-Jamal's freedom.
Pre-recorded video messages to the December 9 event were delivered by author/activist Michelle Alexander and the internationally renowned human rights activist Desmond Tutu, who days before had released a statement declaring:
Now that it is clear that Mumia should never have been on death row in the first place, justice will not be served by relegating him to prison for the rest of his life--yet another form of death sentence. Based on even a minimal following of international human rights standards, Mumia must now be released. I therefore join the call, and ask others to follow, asking District Attorney Seth Williams to rise to the challenge of reconciliation, human rights, and justice: drop this case now, and allow Mumia Abu-Jamal to be immediately released, with full time served.
First published at The Bullet.